Classical Theories in Criminal Justice By Bryan Schatz - Updated March 19, The classical theory in criminal justice suggests that an individual who breaks the law does so with rational free will, understanding the effects of their actions.
Posted on June 3, by Russia Robinson Classical school of criminology is an important theory in the framework of criminal behavior. Since the beginning, theorist and scholars have attempted to find solutions to crime and deviance.
As years progress, crime continues to escalate throughout society. Serial killer was a term that was once unknown, however found definition in the 20th century as people began to murder others in sport, rather than in self-defense.
Child molestation was something that was talked about behind closed doors, whispered, or unheard of until recently. With the rise of drug access and availability including drugs approved by the FDA and street pharmaceuticals, crime continues to rise as a result.
To better understand the nature of crime, the reasoning behind crime, and how to deter others from leading a life of crime, criminal theorist found the Classical School of Criminology. Bentham was an English philosopher who focused on utilitarianism, Pelovangu, He lived through to As a believer of utilitarianism, he felt that people have to right to happiness and as a result should lead happy lives.
This philosophy set the rules to help deter punishment and create punishment that is appropriate to the crime committed.
This is the beginnings of the Classical School of Thought. Beccaria was an Italian philosopher and attorney of law who lived between andPelovangu, Bentham and Baccaria were moved by the climate of crime and punishment prevalent throughout 18th century Europe.
During this era Europeans utilized capital punishment in consequence of crime and deviant behavior. This theory and frame of thought make up the whole of the Classical School of Criminology.
To understand this theory, one must first dive deeper into the meaning of this thought and frame of understanding.
The Classical School emphasizes that people make a rational decision to commit a crime. This means that the offender will think the crime through considering the positive and negative consequences of the crime.
They participate in criminal activity as a form of gratification or for a specific reason. This can be to gain money, sex, monetary objects, and other items desired. Therefore, if the immediate gain of the crime exceeds to consequences of punishment, than the offender will choose to commit the crime and suffer the possible consequences in order to get the temporary gain achieved from the crime.
As was the case in 18th century Europe, many people would receive a punishment that outweighed the severity of the crime.
For instance, in the past foreign countries would cut off the finger or the hand of the common thief. This punishment for stealing outweighs the severity of the crime. This can be especially seen if the item stolen was minimal compared to the price or usefulness of a lost limb.
This occurred in an era where women were hanged or beheaded for acts such as adultery, when currently adultery is not law breaking or forbidden and some may even argue that adultery is a common practice.
Either way, the Classical School of Criminology encourages fairness and better use of the criminal justice system in order to reduce crime and deter criminal activity.
The classical school of criminology is based off four basic principles briefly explained above. The theory suggests that: Individuals have the will and rationality to act according to their own will and desires Individuals will calculate the rationality of the crime based on the benefits of the crime versus the consequences of the crime Severity of the punishment should be determined by the severity of the crime to deter others and reduce crime Punishment must be swift and appropriate to deter others and reduce crime, Roufa, Therefore these classical theories on crime and behavior continue to take shape and play a significant role in criminal justice systems around the world.
Researchers suggest that Classical School has changed the scope and range of punishment.
Before, criminal justice systems implemented punishment in the form of pain. People were whipped, tortured, hanged, beheaded, had limbs removed, as well as other forms of physical punishment.Classical and Neoclassical Theory on Criminology: free Justice sample to help you write excellent academic papers for high school, college, and university.
Check out our professional examples to inspire at initiativeblog.com In this lesson, we'll explore the classical school of criminology and the five basic tenets of that form, which are its cornerstone.
Classical school of criminology theory placed emphasis on human rationality and free will. Second off this theory unlike the others researched the prevention of crime not the criminals. Also, according to this theory, crime was the result of people. In this lesson, we'll explore the classical school of criminology and the five basic tenets of that form, which are its cornerstone. The Rational Choice Theory of Criminology;. The Classical School of Criminology and the Positive School of Criminology are two of the main theories that try and explain the behavior of delinquents. The Classical School of Criminology was developed in the late s by Cesare Beccaria.
The Rational Choice Theory of Criminology;. Jun 03, · Classical school of criminology is an important theory in the framework of criminal behavior. Since the beginning, theorist and scholars have attempted to find solutions to crime and deviance.
As years progress, crime continues to escalate throughout society. Crimes and Punishment: How the Classical Theory Pertains to Crime Prevention Criminology has six theoretical developments in its discipline. This essay will look into the classical school theory. Classical and the Positivist Schools of Criminology Essay Sample.
Criminology is basically the study of crime as a social event, including the consequences, types, prevention, causes and punishment of crime, and criminal behavior, as well as the impact and development of laws. White & Hanes, () the growth of ancient theory demonstrates that classical and positivist schools of criminology are a current approach to dealing with criminal acts.