Print this page A new kind of war World War One was like no other war before in history. The main theatre of war, the Western Front, was deadlocked from a few months after the war's start in until a few months before its end instretching in a continuous line of trenches from the English Channel to the Swiss frontier. By the forces of Germany, France and the British Empire, armies millions of men strong, measured advances in terms of a few miles or kilometres gained over several months.
Visit Website The assassination of Franz Ferdinand set off a rapidly escalating chain of events: Austria-Hungarylike many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the question of Serbian nationalism once and for all.
The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary then sent an ultimatum to Serbia, with such harsh terms as to make it almost impossible to accept.
World War I Begins Convinced that Austria-Hungary was readying for war, the Serbian government ordered the Serbian army to mobilize, and appealed to Russia for assistance. On August 4,German troops crossed the border into Belgium.
In the first battle of World War I, the Germans assaulted the heavily fortified city of Liegeusing the most powerful weapons in their arsenal—enormous siege cannons—to capture the city by August Leaving death and destruction in their wake, including the shooting of civilians and the execution of a Belgian priest, whom they accused of inciting civilian resistance, the Germans advanced through Belgium towards France.
First Battle of the Marne In the First Battle of the Marnefought from September, French and British forces confronted the invading Germany army, which had by then penetrated deep into northeastern France, within 30 miles of Paris.
The Allied troops checked the German advance and mounted a successful counterattack, driving the Germans back to north of the Aisne River. The defeat meant the end of German plans for a quick victory in France. Both sides dug into trenches, and the Western Front was the setting for a hellish war of attrition that would last more than three years.
Particularly long and costly battles in this campaign were fought at Verdun February-December and the Battle of the Somme July-November German and French troops suffered close to a million casualties in the Battle of Verdun alone.
This increased hostility was directed toward the imperial regime of Czar Nicholas II and his unpopular German-born wife, Alexandra. Russia reached an armistice with the Central Powers in early Decemberfreeing German troops to face the remaining Allies on the Western Front.
America Enters World War I At the outbreak of fighting inthe United States remained on the sidelines of World War I, adopting the policy of neutrality favored by President Woodrow Wilson while continuing to engage in commerce and shipping with European countries on both sides of the conflict.
InGermany declared the waters surrounding the British Isles to be a war zone, and German U-boats sunk several commercial and passenger vessels, including some U. Widespread protest over the sinking by U-boat of the British ocean liner Lusitania —traveling from New York to Liverpool, England with hundreds of American passengers onboard—in May helped turn the tide of American public opinion against Germany.
Germany sunk four more U. Gallipoli Campaign With World War I having effectively settled into a stalemate in Europe, the Allies attempted to score a victory against the Ottoman Empire, which entered the conflict on the side of the Central Powers in late After a failed attack on the Dardanelles the strait linking the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean SeaAllied forces led by Britain launched a large-scale land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula in April The invasion also proved a dismal failure, and in January Allied forces were staged a full retreat from the shores of the peninsula, after sufferingcasualties.
The young Winston Churchill, then first lord of the British Admiralty, resigned his command after the failed Gallipoli campaign inaccepting a commission with an infantry battalion in France.Learn term:world war 1 = the first total war in world history was?
with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of term:world war 1 = the first total war in world . Nov 12, · Watch video · The Somme campaign in was the first great offensive of World War I for the British, and it produced a more critical British attitude toward the war.
During and after the Somme, the British. World War I was a ‘total war’ as civilian societies, economies and labour were all seconded to the war effort.
2. Britain’s Defence of the Realm Act gave its leaders extensive powers to reduce threats and harness the economy. Mar 08, · World War One was the first mass global war of the industrialised age, a demonstration of the incredible power of modern states.
Stephen Badsey tells the story of the birth of 'total war'. As a total war is defined as a war in which every available resource of a nation is dedicated to the war effort, World War I was clearly a total war. World War I was the first major war in history, conflicts between the Europe itself and of course US.
The war lasted four years, from the summer of to fall of , there are a few causes that led to the war, and there is the immediate and the underlying cause of the war.