West define modern world

On the Indian subcontinentthe Mughal Empire ruled most of India in the early 18th century. During this period, the Empire was marked by a highly centralized administration connecting the different regions. All the significant monuments of the Mughals, their most visible legacy, date to this period which was characterised by the expansion of Persian cultural influence in the Indian subcontinent, with brilliant literary, artistic, and architectural results. The Maratha Empire was located in the south west of present-day India and expanded greatly under the rule of the Peshwasthe prime ministers of the Maratha empire.

West define modern world

The critical problems are the fundamental tensions within Islam. The attitudes and criticisms common in the outside world can be ignored as misguided or hostile, but the tensions within Islam throughout the world must be confronted.

World’s highest waves form west of Norway | ScienceNordic

In a simple geographical sense, Islam has to come to grips with its changing centres. The religious centres define the heartland: Saudi Arabia enjoys much of its strength to repudiate other claims because it remains the economic centre of the ummah.

However, this wealth is based on finite resources, and in the years to come the economic centre will shift to those parts of the Muslim world with sustainable resources and reproductive assets. West Asian financial investments recognise this long-term problem, but they remain overwhelmingly located in the Western and non-Muslim economies.

The intellectual centre of Islam is Al-Azhar in Cairo. The ideas and attitudes taught here are spread throughout the ummah, particularly through the population centres of Islam: Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India and Malaysia. The relative power of the different centres is shifting.

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Over time the claims on and against the heartland from and by the peripheral Muslim communities will exacerbate the tensions already present. The conservative centre will be under greater pressure from the more vigorous, prolific and liberal Muslim societies on the periphery. Despite the ideals promoting an equitable and productive material life, the overwhelming majority of Muslims experience living standards which are hardly enviable by any standard.

This frequently appears to be a greater paradox in the wealthy oil-producing Muslim countries. The plight of these groups was obvious during and after the Gulf War in Unemployment of masses of people; rapid urbanisation; unbalanced development - all need to be addressed quickly by the ummah, if the ummah is to become the social force of international Islam.

The wide imbalances in the distribution of incomes and wealth between Muslim societies are obvious, but since effective redistribution is not happening within most Muslim societies it is unlikely to occur to any major degree between different Muslim societies.

Development investment in Muslim countries is slow simply because investors are put off by the more extremist agitations and the perceptions in the West about Islamic legal proscriptions of such financial mechanisms as interest. Muslim investors appear quite happy to send their money into the non-Muslim economies, where greater profits are available and the political and social circumstances are much more settled.

In other cases, where people are trying to help their communities they often encounter problems from unlikely sources. The Grameen Bank in Bangladesh has been lending small sums of money, mostly to rural women so that they can engage in small enterprises, but also to collective groups.

The sums are small and the interest is fixed, with the principal being repaid first and the interest calculated on the diminishing principal.

West define modern world

The Grameen Bank lends money to people who would not be eligible in the normal commercial sense.Islam today is facing challenges from within and from the wider world.

The critical problems are the fundamental tensions within Islam. The attitudes and criticisms common in the outside world can be ignored as misguided or hostile, but the tensions within Islam throughout the world must be confronted.

West define modern world

(used relatively in restrictive clauses having that as the antecedent): Damaged goods constituted part of that which was sold at the auction. (used after a preposition to represent a specified antecedent): the horse on which I rode.

(used relatively to represent a specified or implied antecedent) the one that; a particular one that: You may choose which you like.

A Bitter Revolution: China's Struggle with the Modern World (Making of the Modern World) 1st US Edition 1st Printing Edition.

Western culture - Wikipedia

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Designers, futurists, and innovators of all kind often apply the long view toward businesses and the world at large; but how often do we apply this perspective to our personal lives?

Islam today is facing challenges from within and from the wider world.

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The critical problems are the fundamental tensions within Islam. The attitudes and criticisms common in the outside world can be ignored as misguided or hostile, but the tensions within Islam throughout the world must be confronted.

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