Easter Island sunrise at Ahu Tongariki!
At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country. This name may have its origin in a letter sent in and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty.
The old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect, probably Fukienese or Ningpo  —and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century.
The Nara period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent literature as well as the development of Buddhist-inspired art and architecture. This marked the beginning of the Heian period —during which a distinctly indigenous Japanese culture emerged, noted for its artpoetry and prose.
The Zen school of Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period — and became popular among the samurai class. Emperor Go-Daigo was himself defeated by Ashikaga Takauji in Ashikaga Takauji established the shogunate in Muromachi, Kyoto.
This was the start of the Muromachi period — The Ashikaga shogunate achieved glory at the age of Ashikaga Yoshimitsuand the culture based on Zen Buddhism the art of Miyabi prospered. This evolved to Higashiyama Cultureand prospered until the 16th century.
His consolidation of power began what was known as the Azuchi—Momoyama period — After Nobunaga was assassinated in by Akechi Mitsuhidehis successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified the nation in and launched two unsuccessful invasions of Korea in and When open war broke out, Ieyasu defeated rival clans in the Battle of Sekigahara in The Edo period also gave rise to kokugaku "national studies"the study of Japan by the Japanese.
Subsequent similar treaties with Western countries in the Bakumatsu period brought economic and political crises. The Meiji Restoration transformed the Empire of Japan into an industrialized world power that pursued military conflict to expand its sphere of influence.
Although France and Britain showed some interest, the European powers largely ignored Japan and instead concentrated on the much greater attractions of China. France was also set back by its failures in Mexico and defeat by the Germans.
This process accelerated during the s, spawning a number of new Radical Nationalist groups which shared a hostility to liberal democracy and a dedication to expansion in Asia. Japanese expansionism and militarization along with the totalitarianism and ultranationalism reshaped the country.
In Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria and following international condemnation of this occupationit quit the League of Nations in After Allied victories across the Pacific during the next four years, which culminated in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki inJapan agreed to an unconditional surrender on August The Allies led by the United States repatriated millions of ethnic Japanese from colonies and military camps throughout Asia, largely eliminating the Japanese empire and restoring the independence of its conquered territories.
InJapan adopted a new constitution emphasizing liberal democratic practices. The Allied occupation ended with the Treaty of San Francisco in  and Japan was granted membership in the United Nations in Japan later achieved rapid growth to become the second-largest economy in the world, until surpassed by China in This ended in the mids when Japan suffered a major recession.
In the beginning of the 21st century, positive growth has signaled a gradual economic recovery.The Montclair Art Museum has built an interpretive mobile web experience around Come as You Are: Art of the s.
To enter the exhibition website text MAM 90s to Access an overview of the exhibition, detailed artist information, a playlist with s music inspired by the exhibition, an abbreviated timeline, glossary, and more.
THE HISTORY OF JAPANESE MUSIC. Please click on any of the links below to jump to a particular section or click here to start at the top.
pre meiji list link.
The s (pronounced "nineteen-nineties" and abbreviated as the nineties) was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, , and ended on . The politics of Japan are conducted in a framework of a multi-party bicameral parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy whereby the Emperor is the ceremonial head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government and the head of the Cabinet, which directs the executive branch..
Legislative power is vested in . Japanese fashion brand information, pictures, and articles. Japan has long been one of the cornerstones of the fashion industry, presenting to the world some of the most unique and cutting edge styles and new trends, many times years before they catch on .
With fifteen statues in line, Tongariki is the largest “ahu” (platform) on the island. During the island’s civil wars around the s, these Godzilla-sized moai were initiativeblog.com , the ahu was also swept inland by a earthquake (one .