Important discoveries in the field of

Oxyrhynchus Papyri Starting frommore than half a million papyri were discovered among the remains of Oxyrhynchus within the space of eleven years by two great archaeologists, Arthur Hunt and Bernard Grenfell. Further investigations revealed that the retro writing materials could have been introduced around 1, years ago.

Important discoveries in the field of

Sponsor Become a Patron Archaeology Gives Context Biblical archaeology is a wide field offering modern readers fascinating insights into the everyday lives of people mentioned in the Bible. Here are the ten most significant discoveries in the field of biblical archaeology: Rosetta Stone InNapoleon invaded Egypt.

He brought with him a scientific team of scholars and draftsmen to survey the monuments of the land. The most important find of the expedition was the Rosetta Stone. It proved to be valuable as the key to deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. The stone dated to the period of Ptolemy V — BC and was inscribed in three scripts: The Greek, well known to scholars at the time, proved to be a translation of the ancient Egyptian language on the stone.

Translation of hieroglyphics marked the beginning of the study of ancient Egyptian texts and grammar and provided the basis for modern Egyptology studies. Dead Sea Scrolls Inshepherds stumbled upon a cave in a rugged, arid area on the western side of the Dead Sea.

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What they discovered was soon proclaimed the greatest archaeological find of the twentieth century. Over the next few years, other similar remote caves in the area were found.

Important discoveries in the field of

What did these caves contain? Over fragmentary documents, mainly consisting of Hebrew writings on leather with a few on parchmentincluding fragments of biblical scrolls.

Most of these are small, containing no more than one-tenth of a book; however, a complete Isaiah scroll has been found. Almost every OT book is present, and there are also other writings valued by the community that dwelt in those caves. It appears the earliest scrolls date to the mid-third century BC, and most to the first or second centuries BC.

Perhaps the greatest contribution of this find is to our understanding of the transmission of the biblical text. It is encouraging to note that the differences are minimal between the OT texts of the Dead Sea Scrolls and various editions of the Hebrew texts produced a thousand years later and used today, involving the smallest textual details.

The meaning of the text itself is not affected by these differences. Anything sealed beneath it must be dated earlier because there is no possibility of intrusion by later artifacts. Pottery directly beneath the destruction level dates to the ninth and eighth centuries BC, and from this period the so-called House of David inscription must have come.

Although some scholars have attempted to explain away the inscription by asserting BYTDWD is either a place-name or a designation for a temple of a deity, it probably refers to the house of lineage of David, the second king of the united monarchy and arguably the most significant ruler in the history of Israel.

The tomb was a typical Late Iron Age c.

Important discoveries in the field of

The typical Judean burial at this time took place in a rock-cut cave. When a person died, he was placed on a burial bench in the tomb along with personal items such as vases, jewelry, or trinkets. Once the body decayed, the bones of the person were placed in a box beneath the burial bench.

When the team began to excavate the box, they came upon two small silver scrolls. Since the scrolls were metal, the archaeologists had a difficult time unrolling and deciphering their text. They began with the larger of the two scrolls, which took three years to unroll. When unrolled, it measured only 3 inches 7.

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When they finished, they noticed the scroll was covered with very delicately etched characters. It contained the priestly benediction from Numbers 6. The smaller scroll also contained the benediction from Numbers 6. It took so long to unroll and decipher the scrolls that the material was not published until These two scrolls are relatively unknown, but they can be seen today in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

They are the earliest known citations of biblical texts in Hebrew. They predate the earliest Dead Sea Scrolls by more than years and are thus helpful in matters of textual criticism. Many authors have argued that the priestly benediction was written after the exile, with its earliest date from the fourth century BC.

Now we have physical examples of the benediction from the late seventh century BC. In addition, the discovery of two plaques with the same benediction in a buried site underscores the centrality of the priestly benediction to the religion of the Israelites.

Moabite Stone Ina missionary in Jerusalem found a stone tablet for sale that appeared to be from ancient times. The sellers broke the tablet into a number of pieces to sell them one at a time to make more money.Mar 28,  · The growing interest in gut health is not merely hype.

Rosetta Stone

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