The Most Important Audiophile Choice I decided to both expand upon, and yet still simplify, my earlier article, seen above, titled: Building a Great Audio System. This time I will argue that there is a single most important choice an audiophile can make when creating a great audio system or, at the least, creating the finest audio system for the least amount of money invested. That critical choice is unambiguously simple:
Fees and penalties[ edit ] As of 16 June the following charges apply: The measure was designed to curb the growing number of diesel vehicles on London's roads. About 20, owners of vehicles registered for the Greener Vehicle Discount by June were granted a three-year sunset period before they have to pay the full congestion charge.
The charge typically applies to diesel and petrol vehicles registered beforeand the levy is expected to affect up to 10, vehicles. The public consultation on the T-charge proposals began in July However, even after charges were increased, enforcement charges still make up a significant proportion of the net revenues.
TfL has stated it is keeping a database of these numbers and that they will trigger an alert, including police vehicle ANPR camera alerts. The United States subsequently claimed diplomatic immunity. Since the charge was introduced inthe U.
During the early years of the Greater London Councilwhich was formed inthe first plans were drawn up for a system of cordon charging or supplementary licensing for use in the central area.
A formal study was undertaken into the merits of the scheme, and in concluded that it would improve traffic and environmental conditions in the centre.
Only a small section of these road schemes had been implemented  by the time Labour gained control in the Greater London Council electionsand the new administration abandoned the road building plans in favour of public transport and traffic management.
The report stated that the scheme was expected to be the most effective in reducing through traffic, reducing congestion both within and outside the zone, improving the speed of buses and the quality of life in central London. Indeed, Ken Livingstonethen Mayor of London and key proponent of the charge, himself predicted a "difficult few days"  and a "bloody day".
The zone therefore included the whole of the City of Londonthe financial district, and the West EndLondon's primary commercial and entertainment centre. The sign displays the original operating hours for the scheme.
The TfL estimates that the effect on business has been overall neutral. Some shops and businesses are reported to be heavily affected by the charge, both in terms of lost sales due to reduced traffic and increased delivery costs, as recognised by the London Chamber of Commerce.
Soon after charging commenced, Livingstone announced that he would carry out a formal review of the charge's success or failure six months after its introduction — brought forward from one year, following the smooth start. The report's main findings were that the average number of cars and delivery vehicles entering the central zone was 60, fewer than the previous year.
Variation in journey time for a particular route repeated on many occasions also decreased. They noted that other cities were now considering similar projects.
A few days before the scheme came into operation, he wrote in a BBC report that it had been "shambolically organised", that the public transport network had insufficient spare capacity to cater for travellers deterred from using their cars in the area by the charge. Further, he said that the scheme would affect poorer sections of society more than the rich, with the daily charge being the same for all, regardless of vehicle size.
He had also pledged that, if elected, he would grant an amnesty to anyone with an outstanding fine for non-payment of the charge on 11 June In an interview with London's Evening Standard newspaper on 5 FebruaryConservative leader Michael Howard backed his candidate's view by saying that the charge "has undoubtedly had a damaging effect on business in London".
Amongst some of the changes he proposed were changing the end time from 6: These included a plan to reduce the operating hours of the charge by half-an-hour to "boost trade at London's theatres, restaurants and cinemas". The target on reducing congestion for Greater London overall will not be met, the report said.
Business groups such as London First said following the announcement that the charges were "totally unsatisfactory and unacceptable". TfL countered that an economic downturnthe SARS outbreak and threat of terrorism were likely factors.
TfL moved quickly to quash the loophole, by demanding that fleet operators provide the registration document for each vehicle in their fleet.
Fivepounds went out of business on 26 February This uses an electronic card affixed to the windscreen of a vehicle and can be used to produce "smart tolls" where charges can be varied dependent on time and direction of travel.
This system automatically deducts the charge so that the 50, drivers a year who forget to pay the fine would not be penalised.
TfL has suggested that this scheme could be introduced from This road was part of the extended congestion charge zone. Park Lane was one of the new free through routes during the existence of the Western Extension.
The boundary of the zone, as of 19 Februarystarted at the northern end of Vauxhall Bridge and travelling in a clockwise direction heads along the northern bank of the River Thames as Grosvenor Road, the Chelsea Embankment and Cheyne Walk. From there, it heads north, along the eastern edges of the Kensington and Earl's Court one-way systems, part of the Awith the roads in between charged, before continuing to the A40 Westway as the Holland Road and the West Cross Route.
The boundary then includes parts of North Kensingtonbut the actual boundary is defined by the West London Line railway track, which runs between Latimer Road inside the zone and Wood Lane outside the zoneuntil Scrubs Lane, before turning east, following the Great Western Main Line out of Paddington towards Ladbroke Grove.
The Westway flyover at the eastern end is the other exempt route even though it cuts across the north-west corner of the zone.Breaking News News - get the latest from the Dallas News.
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