Introduction With the popularity and interactivity offered by the Internet and World Wide Web, media organizations see the Web as a medium they must conquer if they are going to survive Villano,
These five concepts are part of a poststructural futures toolbox. There is a strong link, of course, to other futures methods. Emerging issues analysis,  for example, at one level predicts issues outside of conventional knowledge categories but it does so by disturbing conventional categories, by making them problematic; it reorders knowledge.
For example, the notion of the "rights of robots" forces us to rethink rights, seeing them not as universal but as historical and political, as hard fought political and conceptual battles.
It also forces us to rethink intelligence and An analysis of media history reflections - posing the question what is life? Thus, a futures method such as emerging issues analysis, conventionally used to identify trends and problems in their emergent phase, should not merely be seen as a predictive method; it can also be a critical one.
A civilizational perspective From a civilizational perspective, it is crucial to explore the guiding metaphors and myths we use to envision the future. This perspective takes a step back from the actual future to the deeper assumptions about the future being discussed, specifically the "non-rational.
Believing the future is like a roll of dice is quite different from the Arab saying of the future: For the Confucian, choice and opportunity exist in the context of family and ancestors and not merely as individual decisions. In workshops on the future outside of the West, conventional metaphors such as a fork in the road, the future as seen through the rearview mirror, or travelling down a rocky stream, rarely make sense.
Others from Asia and the Pacific see the future as a tree organic with roots and with many choicesas a finely weaved carpet with God as the weaveras a coconut hard on the outside, soft on the inside or as being in a car with a blindfolded driver loss of control.
It takes as its starting point the assumption that there are different levels of reality and ways of knowing. Individuals, organizations and civilizations see the world from different vantage points - horizontal and vertical.
Causal layered analysis Causal layered analysis is based on the assumption that the way in which one frames a problem changes the policy solution and the actors responsible for creating transformation.
Using the works of Rick Slaughter, P. Sarkar and Oswald Spengler,  I argue that futures studies should be seen as layered, as deep and shallow. Its textured richness cannot be reduced to empirical trends. Events, issues and trends are not connected and appear discontinuous.
The result is often either a feeling of helplessness what can I do? This is the conventional level of futures research which can readily create a politics of fear. This is the futurist as fearmonger who warns: However by believing in the prophecy and acting appropriately, the end can be averted.
It is believed, rarely questioned. The second level is concerned with social causes, including economic, cultural, political and historical factors rising birthrates, lack of family planning, eg. Interpretation is given to quantitative data.
This type of analysis is usually articulated by policy institutes and published as editorial pieces in newspapers or in not-quite academic journals. This level excels at technical explanations as well as academic analysis. The role of the state and other actors and interests is often explored at this level.
The data is often questioned, however, the language of questioning does not contest the paradigm in which the issue is framed. It remains obedient to it. The task is to find deeper social, linguistic, cultural structures that are actor-invariant not dependent on who are the actors.
Discerning deeper assumptions behind the issue is crucial here as are efforts to revision the problem. At this stage, one can explore how different discourses the economic, the religious, the cultural, for example do more than cause or mediate the issue but constitute it, how the discourse we use to understand is complicit in our framing of the issue.
Based on the varied discourses, discrete alternative scenarios can be derived here.
For example, a scenario of the future of population based on religious perspectives of population "go forth and multiply versus cultural scenario focused on how women's groups imagine construct birthing and childraising as well as their roles in patriarchy and the world division of labor.
These scenarios add a horizontal dimension to our layered analysis. The foundations for how the litany has been presented and the variables used to understand the litany are questioned at this level.
|Friday, March 04, 2016||Can social media transform Papua New Guinea? The explosion in the use of social media by Papua New Guineans is changing the way that they are engaging in politics, business and social activities on the home front.|
|Reflections of a Newsosaur||Reflections of a Newsosaur Musings and occasional urgent warnings of a veteran media executive, who fears our news-gathering companies are stumbling to extinction Friday, March 04, So long again, Chicago Daily News On March 4,the presses fell silent for the last time at the Chicago Daily News, an iconic and crusading newspaper that was unable to adapt to changing times. The following article, which originally appeared here inis reprinted as a reminder of what happens when a paper runs out of readers, revenues and ideas.|
|Tuesday, February 16, 2016||We see Michael Psellus in the 11th Century surprisingly contrasting "the ancient and lesser Rome, and the later, more powerful city" [!|
|Goals - Longwood University||Korean literature The tradition of Korean historiography was established with the Samguk Sagia history of Korea from its allegedly earliest times. It was completed in and relied not only on earlier Chinese histories for source material, but also on the Hwarang Segi written by the Silla historian Kim Daemun in the 8th century.|
The fourth layer of analysis is at the level of metaphor or myth.Forgetting History: Mediated Reflections on Occupy Wall Street This study examines how Occupy Wall Street (OWS) protestors’ practices and stated understanding of media act on social perceptions of networked media.
Media analysis essay, writing guide for students with examples, initiativeblog.com The media analysis essay can work to identify messages, framing of messages, and also improving an existing issue.
The essay should take into consideration pieces of media coverage over a certain period. initiativeblog.com is an independent website produced by individuals who are dedicated to disseminating news and analysis about the current political situation in Venezuela.
Historical Reflection on Learning Theories and Instructional Design Robert D. Tennyson University of Minnesota, United States developed a body of instructional design principles that included task analysis and teaching methods based on his research findings and student evaluation methods.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline structure causes a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.
By measuring the angles and intensities of these diffracted beams, a crystallographer can produce a three-dimensional picture of the density of electrons within the crystal. Ashcroft Appoints Special Prosecutor in Plame Identity-Disclosure Scandal Attorney-General John Ashcroft recused himself Wednesday in the investigation of the Valerie Plame case, saying he will appoint a special prosecutor.