He was descended from slaves on both sides of his family. The family also debated current events after dinner.
His parents migrated from Louisville, Kentuckyand settled on a farm in Bucktown, a rural area on the western edge of IndianapolisIndiana.
Taylor, who was born on November 26,in Indianapolis was one of eight children in the family that included five girls and three boys. Aroundhis father began working in Indianapolis as a coachman for the Southards, a wealthy white family.
Taylor soon became a close friend of the Southards's son, Daniel,  who was the same age. From the age of eight until he was twelve, Taylor lived with the family and along with Daniel was tutored at their home.
Taylor's living arrangement with the Southards provided him with more advantages than his parents could provide; however, this period of his life abruptly ended when the Southards moved to ChicagoIllinois. By or earlyhe had become such an expert trick rider that Tom Hay, an Indianapolis bicycle shop owner, hired him to perform bicycle stunts in front of the Hay and Willits bicycle shop.
Hearsey's bicycle shop in Downtown Indianapolis inwhere Taylor worked as a bicycle instructor Taylor left the Hay and Willits shop in or early to take a job as head trainer for Harry T.
Hearsey's bicycle shop in Indianapolis, teaching local residents how to ride. About two years later, while working at Hearsey's shop, Taylor met Louis D. With a shared interest in bicycle racing, the two became friends and Munger hired the teenaged Taylor to work odd jobs that included sending Taylor to area high schools and colleges to train cyclists and promote Munger's line of racing bicycles.
Although he competed in road and track races during his amateur career, Taylor excelled in the track sprintsespecially the one-mile 1. Taylor also traveled to Peoria, Illinoisto compete in another meet, winning third place in the under age category.
In addition, some local track owners feared that other cyclists would refuse to compete if Taylor was present for a bicycle race and banned him from their tracks. During the race Taylor received threats from his white competitors, who did not know that he had entered the event until the start of the race.
A few days later, on July 4,Taylor won a ten-mile road race in Indianapolis that made him eligible to compete at the national championships for black racers in Chicago.
Later that summer, he won the ten-mile championship race in Chicago by ten lengths and set a new record for black cyclists of At that time it was a center of the U. Munger, who was Taylor's employer, lifelong friend, and mentor, had decided to move his bicycle manufacturing business to the state of Massachusetts  which was also a more tolerant area of the country.
For Taylor, who continued to work for Munger as a bicycle mechanic and messenger between the company's two factory locations,    the move to the East Coast offered "higher visibility, larger crowds, increased sponsorship dollars, and greater access to world-class cycling venues.
Taylor raced with a 1: Within half a mile 0. Taylor could not compete with Sanger, a professional racer, in a head-to-head contest because he was still an amateur. Taylor finished the race in 14th place.
First races[ edit ] Madison Square Garden II pictured in in New York Citythe venue of Taylor's first professional race in Taylor turned professional inat the age of eighteen, and soon emerged as the "most formidable racer in America.
These races included the half-mile handicap for professionals in which Taylor competed, a half-mile race between Jay Eaton and Teddy Goodman, and a half-mile scratch race.
In addition, there were half-mile scratch and handicap races for amateurs. He beat a field of competitors that included Tom CooperPhiladelphia 's A.
Meixwell, and scratch rider E. Bald, who represented New York's Syracuseand rode a Barnes bicycle. Although Taylor had just become a professional, he had achieved enough notoriety, possibly because of his stunning win on December 5, to be listed among the "American contestants" that also included A.
Hansen the Minneapolis "rainmaker" and Teddy Goodman. In addition, many "experts from abroad" participated in the meet such as Switzerland's Albert Schock, Germany's Frank J. Several countries were represented in the event, including Scotland, Wales, France, England, and Denmark.
The more spectators who paid at the gate, the bigger the prizes, which provided riders with the incentive to stay awake—or be kept awake—in order to ride the greatest distance.
To prepare for the event, Taylor went to Brooklyn, where he became a member of the South Brooklyn Wheelmen. An estimated crowd of 6, spectators attended the final day of the Madison Square Garden races in December After Taylor refused to continue racing on the final day of the long-distance competition, exhausted from physical exertion and lack of sleep, a Bearnings reporter overheard him comment: Taylor never competed in any other six-day race.
Fame and records[ edit ] Taylor with the Boston pursuit team of ; one of the first known photographs of an integrated American professional sports team  Taylor initially raced for Munger's Worcester Cycle Manufacturing Company. After the company went into receivership in he joined other racing teams.
Taylor returned to Massachusetts for the remainder of the season and Eddie Bald became the American sprint champion in Despite the obstacles, Taylor was determined to race.John Marshall became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in ; this quiz/worksheet combo will test you on his early life and accomplishments before becoming Chief Justice.
In this lesson we'll learn about John Marshall, the fourth chief justice of the Supreme Court. Learn more about Marshall's life and his influence on American law, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
John Marshall became the fourth chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court in He is largely responsible for establishing the Supreme Court's role in federal government.
Chief Justice John Born: Sep 24, Thurgood Marshall (July 2, – January 24, ) was an American lawyer, serving as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from October until October Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. John Marshall, Defender of the Constitutio - In Francis N.
Stites' book, John Marshall, Defender of the Constitution, he tells the story of John Marshall's life by breaking up his life into different roles such as a Virginian, Lawyer, Federalist, National Hero, and as Chief of Justice.
In this lesson, we will learn about Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of the mechanical moving-type printing press. We will explore his life and learn about the impact of his important invention.